The government of the Spanish autonomous community of Valencia has proposed to ban prostitution, claiming that it violates women’s fundamental human rights.
The Ministry of Justice and Interior of Valencia, headed by the socialist politician Gabriela Bravo, seeks to end prostitution not only in Valencia, but also hopes that the measures will pressure the national government to act against it as well.
Minister Bravo affirmed that prostitution “is not a problem of public order but rather a violation of women’s human rights,” and added: “When the municipalities join in, we will be giving a message to the [central government]: If at the municipal and regional level we are changing laws to put an end to this shame, the State must also take a step forward”, Diario The world reports.
“We will continue to demand from the Government of Spain a Comprehensive Law for the Abolition of Prostitution, but [Valencian officials] We are not going to wait with our arms crossed,” he added.
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The Valencian proposal is based on ordinances approved in two municipalities in the region that enacted a phased approach to prostitution.
The lowest level is the advertisement for prostitution; the most serious is the solicitation or negotiation of sexual services, and the most serious is if the sexual services are performed less than 200 meters from schools, parks, sporting events, or in isolated areas.
Fines are used as punishment for offenses depending on severity and range from €500 to €3,000 (£425/$520 to £2,551/$3,123) for clients of prostitutes. Prostitutes themselves are considered victims of gender violence.
“We are going to put an end to euphemisms and promote a comprehensive law that incorporates them as victims [of] prostitution, trafficking or exploitation… they are entitled to benefits,” said Minister Bravo.
Part of the new legislation will also include funding for social and psychological care for victims of sex trafficking and help women get new jobs and provide residential help.
According The worldBetween 10,000 and 13,000 prostitutes operate in Valencia, 164 brothels and more than 52,000 prostitution advertisements have been discovered on the Internet.
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While prostitution is legal in many European Union countries, such as Germany and Austria, others, such as Sweden, have long had laws prohibiting the practice and have taken the same approach as the proposed law in Spain by targeting those who they buy sex instead of the prostitutes themselves.
The so-called “Nordic Model” has been criticized by groups such as Human Rights Watch (HRW), who claim they want to see prostitution fully decriminalized, stating that the Nordic Model “actually has a devastating impact on people who sell sex for a living.” lifetime”. . Because its goal is to end sex work, it makes it more difficult for sex workers to find safe places to work, to unionise, to work together and support and protect each other, stand up for their rights, or even open a bank account for their business.” .
Supporters of the Nordic Model, however, argue that both legalization and decriminalization of prostitution increase trafficking for sexual exploitation, and that there is clear evidence that targeting demand reduces harm.
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